Does Every Security Guard Need Firearm Training?

Understand the importance of firearms training for security personnel. Examine the critical factors to consider, ranging from legislative standards to the role-specific needs of security professionals. Gain insight into the advantages and disadvantages of introducing weapon training into security processes.


When it comes to security jobs, many people wonder if all security guards need to learn how to use firearms. It’s a common belief that every security guard carries a gun, but the reality is much more complicated. Security guard roles can be very different, with some needing firearm skills and others not at all.

This guide aims to clear up the confusion around whether security guards always need firearm training. We’ll explore the different tasks security guards might have, the training they need, and whether or not firearms are involved. By understanding these factors, we’ll answer the question: Do all security guards really need firearm training?

There are various types of security jobs, and not all of them require a firearm. In this guide, we will explore the factors that determine whether firearm training is necessary for a security guard. By the end of this guide, you will have a better understanding of the different roles within the security industry and whether they involve firearms training. Our aim is to provide you with knowledge, especially regarding the requirement of firearms in the security field.

Armed vs. Unarmed Security

In the security guard service field, the key difference between armed and unarmed security guards primarily revolves around the presence or absence of firearms. While armed security guards undergo specialised training to handle firearms, unarmed security professionals rely on alternative means to ensure safety.

It’s essential to recognize that not all security positions require the use of firearms, and the decision to undergo firearm training depends on various factors, including job requirements and regulatory standards.

1. Armed Security Guard

Armed security guards are highly trained individuals equipped with firearms to address potentially high-risk situations effectively. Their role often involves providing protection in environments where the risk of criminal activity is elevated. These guards undergo rigorous training to safely handle firearms and are prepared to employ them if necessary.

Examples of roles where armed security guards are typically deployed:

  • Banks and financial institutions: Given the high value of assets and the risk of robbery, armed guards are frequently positioned to prevent and respond to attacks.
  • Jewellery stores: The presence of valuable merchandise makes these establishments susceptible to theft, necessitating armed security to safeguard against potential intruders.
  • Government buildings: Vital facilities such as government offices or sensitive installations may require armed guards to maintain security protocols and protect against potential threats.


2. Unarmed Security Guard

Unlike armed security guards, unarmed security professionals don’t carry guns as part of their job. Instead, they keep watch and take action to keep the place, people, and things safe. Even though unarmed guards don’t have a firearm, they might carry things like batons or pepper spray for protection in some situations. But their main job is to calm down conflicts and stop crime by being there and talking things out.

Unarmed security guards play a crucial role in various settings, including:

  • Retail stores: Providing a visible security presence to deter theft and ensure a safe shopping environment for customers and employees.
  • Office buildings: Monitoring access points, conducting patrols, and responding to incidents to maintain a secure workspace for occupants.
  • Events and gatherings: Managing crowd control, enforcing venue policies, and addressing disturbances to ensure the safety of attendees.


Assessing the Need for Firearm Training

The nature of the work, current security risks, and legal requirements all play a role in determining whether a security guard needs firearm training. While certain roles include increased security threats or need an armed security presence, others may involve mostly non-confrontational activities, with a focus on dispute resolution skills rather than firearm ability.

The requirement for firearm training can vary depending on the specific roles assigned to security guards. For those in armed roles, it is mandatory to undergo comprehensive training, assessment, and accreditation processes that are regulated by New South Wales. On the other hand, unarmed security guards may not require such training unless their employer has specified it or if their position requires it.

In situations where security risks are high, or there is a potential for confrontational situations such as cash escorts or high-value asset protection, firearm training might be considered essential to ensure the safety of personnel and property. However, for roles that depend on non-confrontational approaches and rely on de-escalation techniques, firearm training may not be necessary.

Overall, the need for firearm training will depend on the specific duties and security requirements associated with each security guard position. Employers and regulatory authorities must carefully assess these factors to determine the appropriate level of training and preparation for security personnel, ensuring that they can effectively fulfil their roles while maintaining safety and security.

So, Does Every Security Guard Need Firearm Training?

In New South Wales, not all security guards are required to undergo firearm training. The requirement for training depends on the specific roles and responsibilities assigned to them. Those who wish to carry weapons or firearms during their duties must first complete Certificate II in Security Operations from an accredited training organisation authorised by the NSW Police. The document number for this certificate is CPP31316.

Click here to know “Do Security Guards Carry Weapons in NSW?”

Once the necessary training is completed and authorised, security guards may be eligible for roles that involve carrying firearms, such as cash escorts. However, obtaining a permit to carry a baton presents its own challenges, as guards must demonstrate a genuine need and prove that they have received proper training.

The regulatory framework that governs the security industry in New South Wales is outlined in the Security Industry Act 1997 and Security Industry Regulation 2016. According to this framework, all security licences, including firearm licences, are issued by the Security Licensing & Enforcement Directorate (SLED). To obtain a firearm licence, one must pass the Firearms Safety Test, which was introduced in 2023 by the Firearms Registry. In addition, armed security guards must undergo annual accreditation through the Firearms Safety Training Course to maintain their authorization.


In the security field, the requirement for firearm training among guards can vary widely depending on their specific duties and local regulations. While armed security personnel undergo extensive firearm instruction, unarmed guards prioritise skills such as conflict resolution. In some regions like New South Wales, not all guards need firearm training, but those who intend to carry weapons must complete a Certificate II in Security Operations. Multisec Training in Sydney offers accessible courses for obtaining this qualification, featuring short durations and experienced instructors.

Ultimately, the need for firearm training depends on a guard’s job responsibilities and the regulatory landscape. Employers and regulatory bodies play crucial roles in ensuring that guards receive appropriate training for their roles. Multisec Training stands out as a convenient option for aspiring security professionals, providing comprehensive instruction for success in the security industry.

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